These are just a few things that might be worth reading ...
"The Production of Knowledge: the challenge of social science research" by William Starbuck, 2006, Oxford University Press: Oxford
this is effectively a memoir from a leading US management researcher and is full of honest self reflection about what worked and didn't work over a career publishing and editing the world's top journals.
"The Nature of Managerial Work" by Henry Mintzberg, 1973, Harper Row: London
this is the book version of Mintzberg's PhD thesis. It may be dated now but it is well written and the appendix to the book sets out his research process in graphic detail and is therefore very instructive.
"How to Get a PhD: a handbook for students and their supervisors" 1987, by Estelle Phillips and Derek Pugh, Open University Press: Maidenhead
One of the most popular references for those who embark on a PhD and it covers everything from starting to finishing the process.
"Research Methods for Business Management" by Kevin O'Gorman and Robert MacIntosh, 2015, Goodfellow Publisher: Oxford
This is a succinct overview of the research process from finding a project, through how to review the literature and on to methods, ethics and writing up. Try a free chapter.