Tuesday, 22 November 2016
Monday, 21 November 2016
The PhD Blog has been on the go since 2009. It started life as a set of FAQs for potential doctoral students in Business and Management studies. It has since grown a life of its own with over 250,000 people having visited the site. To make it easier to find, the URL has changed to www.thephdblog.com and it has a new look and feel. There's even a new logo for the site. I hope that you like the new formatting and continue to find the blog a great resource for questions and experiences relating to all things doctoral. Special thanks to Rodrigo Perez Vega for helping with the relaunch. Have a look around and try some of the other resources and sites that link to ThePhDBlog.com. Meantime, how can you tell that you've been working too hard on your PhD? When you suggest reading Snow White et al. to your children, nieces, nephews or grandchildren!
Good luck with your PhD Journey
Good luck with your PhD Journey
Tuesday, 9 August 2016
Your PhD will focus on answering some research questions. Where research questions come from, how to find them and what are the characteristics of good research questions are topics dealt with elsewhere in this blog ... e.g. in the researchable questions posting. Recently, I wrote a piece on the ways in which research questions change with Jean Bartunek, Mamta Bhatt and Donald MacLean. In the paper we argue that those doing empirical research in organizations often end up changing their research questions either subtly or significantly once the research itself gets underway. Organizations change, restructure, are subject to regulatory change and a myriad of other things that can alter what it is possible to ask/answer in your research. However, precious little is written about how, why and when research questions ought to change. You can find a draft of the full paper here. Enjoy.
Friday, 26 February 2016
By about the mid-point of your PhD journey, it becomes apparent that getting a successful completion signals not the end per se, but the end of the beginning. For some, the PhD is the summation of their academic endeavours, allowing you to retire undefeated from the world of education bearing its highest accolade. For others, especially those aspiring to an academic career, PhDs are the entry ticket to a world where reputation is all. So how do you build your academic reputation?
Pick an area and stick to it … academia is characterized by demarcation into specialist areas. Few would be able to straddle mathematics, physics, chemistry and alchemy in the manner of Isaac Newton. He, like many of our other great thinkers, might not have been REF-returnable. Indeed, his probationary mentor would no doubt have encouraged him to be more focused. Modern academia is a terrain is marked out in specialist territories where people will spend entire careers. These days, skimming the surface of many territories lowers the likelihood of you establishing a strong reputation in the medium term. Of course you might window shop for a while, but don’t procrastinate too long. Choose one area and stick with your choice.
Identify the right space … specialist areas, such as the one you’ve chosen, tend to have support structures that emerge over time. Typically there will be a membership organization, annual conferences and some house journals. Stump up the membership fees, find your way into their conference and be sure that you read the house journal religiously. Attending a new conference for the first time can be bewildering, and even lonely. Expect to go multiple times before you get to know who the key players are and find some friends from beyond your own institution.
Choose a tribe … academics spend a significant portion of their time marking. This produces a tendency to enjoy offering, if not necessarily receiving, criticism. Hence, even our neatly delineated interest areas are factionalised. This may manifest itself as new ideas versus classical ones or revolve around some other perceived slight, injustice or other form of misapprehension. Your big decision is choose the tribe that you will join. This key decision will lead you to identify some scholars as part of your tribe whilst others will become forbidden, ostracized and will only be cited in order to demonstrate the flaws in their arguments. Remember, a tribe is for life not just for Christmas.
Befriend a local chieftain … Having chosen a tribe, you’ll probably find a collection of village elders, local warlords and chieftains who represent the key voices in your field. These individuals will have established a hierarchy for themselves based on their H-index or some other proxy. The harsh reality is that you probably won’t be able to access the Great Om directly in the early part of your career. Pick a local chieftain and engage in a charm offensive by reading their work, citing it heavily and demonstrating that you see them as the next President-elect of the tribe.
Build your brand … faced with fierce competition for airspace you’ll need to have something distinctive to say if you want to be heard and remembered. Try to find an angle; perhaps a new theory applied to an age-old problem, perhaps some other distinguishing feature, idea or methodological approach. Consciously promote the idea that you are intrinsically linked with this angle and make it part of your own branding. The sign of a glowing academic reputation is that your peer group acknowledges you as the leading light in relation to “X”. In part that’s why everyone will feel compelled to cite you whenever they mention “X” in their own work.
Volunteer often and early … as a PhD student it is important to know your place in the world. In relation to students on taught programmes you are an elite athlete. You have already excelled in every exam you’ve ever taken and such tawdry things as written exams are but a memory. Sadly, in the academic world, you are somewhat closer to the bottom of the food chain. To ingratiate yourself you’ll probably need to volunteer to do the tasks that those higher up the food chain used to do, now resent and definitely see as beneath them. Act as a reviewer for conference streams and take the time to do it well, offering careful, informative and developmental feedback. It will get noticed. Offer to chair conference sessions, run workshops, sort logistics, organize a dinner venue, book taxis, organize to see the local sights, etc. Nothing should be too much trouble. Make yourself indispensable.
Keep your promises …. the mark of a successful career is that you become very busy. Invited hither and thon, speaking at this and that, guest editing here and there. The very people you are trying to impress will appreciate you all the more if you appear to be the sort of person on whom they can rely. Build a reputation as someone who does what they say. All the better if in doing so, work is also done on time and to a high standard. Chieftans have long since earned the right to be flaky, idiosyncratic and unreliable. It is unlikely that you’ll achieve such a lofty reputational position if you start out in that mode.
Build your portfolio … every aspiring academic imagines a future state in they can eventually claim that there is an extensive secondary literature based around their seminal works. Even the largest oak trees start with small acorns however. From the outset think of your portfolio of public domain work. Your papers, book chapters, conference presentations, etc. need to be curated. Aim to publish in the right places (see hint 2 above). Manage your profile on ResearchGate, Academia.edu, LinkedIn, GoogleScholar, Twitter and the various other places that researchers will look for your work. But remember that if you want to have a serious, academic, game face and a more carefree or irreverent online identity, it may be helpful to keep them separate.
Hit the right tone … In the early stages of your academic career, much rests on your ability to build relationships. Think of two parallel universes. In one you are a shrinking violet, too modest to promote yourself, your work or your angle you may find yourself overlooked and ignored. Your PhD findings will be forgotten before they’ve even been finished. This is clearly not a good world for you to inhabit. Meanwhile, in a second parallel universe you are a shameless self-publicist, talking up the global significance of your pilot study and trumpeting the all to obvious flaws in the work of every chieftan you’ve cited. Senior academics place restraining orders on you and you quickly develop a reputation for over promising and under delivering. Clearly, this too, is not a good world for you to inhabit. The trick is to strike the right tone. Be respectful of established figures, understand the social graces of the conversations that you’re joining but do have something suitably provocative to say. Above all, be good company. Nobody likes a non-talker or a stalker. Charm, wit, a good memory for details of biography and circumstance help a great deal.
Be Patient … items 1 to 9 are a tall order and, in the meantime, you also need to keep one eye on the PhD completion. A salutary exercise is to remind yourself that those great figures in your chosen field were themselves, not so well known. Reputations take time to build as do the relationships, social networks, connectivity and credibility one which those reputations rest. Aim high, or you’ll never get there but don’t beat yourself up too much if you have won best paper of the decade with your first forays into publication.
Friday, 19 February 2016
Thursday, 11 February 2016
This blog was started in response to the difficulties that many students experience with methodology. Trying to define your research method is a major headache for many of us. There are two major problems to overcome. One is that of inconsistency caused largely by confusion over the meaning of key terms such as epistemology, ontology and methodology. The second problem is one of incompleteness which occurs when students express a partial account of their method saying something along the lines of "I'm doing interviews" but say little else to describe the ways in which they will then analyse their data.
I'm delighted to announce the launch of a free, interactive tool which produces a method map that overcomes both problems in a few minutes. What's more it is available in English, Chinese, Arabic, Malay, Hindi, Polish and Greek. Try it for free at www.methodsmap.org ... and if you want to read the material that underpins the method map, you can download a free chapter here. Feel free to share these links with anyone who might find some advice on research methodology useful.